Frenkel exercises are a set of exercises developed by Professor Heinrich Sebastian Frenkel to treat ataxia, in particular cerebellar ataxia. They are a system of.

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Frenkel states that is very important that the therapist also gives the patient pep talks and motivation. It is thought that the fifteen-minute break enables the new neural connections to be created.

Frenkel was astonished dee the improvement. The patient asked Dr Frenkel about the test and was told what it meant and that he did not ‘pass’ the test. Mosby’s Medical Dictionary 8th ed.


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Frenkel exercises are a set of exercises developed by Professor Heinrich Sebastian Frenkel [1] to treat ataxiain particular cerebellar ataxia.

Julian—Gregorian uncertainty Wikipedia external links cleanup from April Wikipedia spam cleanup from April Then the patient should do something entirely different and unrelated for fifteen minutes, say read a book or have a chat. Although the technique is simple, needs virtually no exercise equipment, and can be done on one’s own, concentration and some degree of perseverance is required.

The therapist may also help the patient move where muscular strength is low. The repetitions will take just a few minutes every hour.


At that point the patient goes back to the exercises for another three minutes when it will be found that the skill has improved to a step higher from when the exercises were last done fifteen minutes earlier. The brain as a whole learns to compensate for motor dd in the cerebellum or the spinal cord where applicable. Frenkel’s book states that the best way to perform the exercises is to do them for three minutes using some kind of timer so the exercises become less of a chore.

This page was last edited on 11 Octoberat Several ejecricios later, on re-examination, the patient showed extraordinary improvement in coordination. Frenkel noted that the patient had to be free from opiate and alcohol use, for instance, in order to achieve the required focus of attention. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references. Or at least others? The exercises were developed by Heinrich Frenkela Swiss neurologist who, one day inwhile examining a patient with ataxia, observed the patient’s poor performance of the finger-to-nose test.

Frenkel exercises

When Frenkel asked the patient what had happened in the interval, the patient replied, ‘I wanted to pass the test and so I practiced. However, it is better that a physiotherapist is involved. This attitude is almost always incorrect and in recent years has begun to change with the recognition of brain plasticity.


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In his book on ataxia, Frenkel states: He had never seen such an improvement before, which was contradictory to the teaching of the day and in fact is sadly widespread today.

Views Read Edit View history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He or she motivates and guides the patient in how to watch himself move. This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. If the ataxia affects say, head movements, the patient can use a mirror or combination of mirrors to watch their own head movements.

They are a system of slow repetitious exercises. The patient can treat himself and obviously in the absence of a medical practitioner must do so.